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Safeguarding Adults and Children

What is Safeguarding?

Safeguarding Adults and Children can include any work or activity which aims to support vulnerable children and Adults to be able to live a life that is free from abuse and neglect.

It is about both preventing abuse and neglect, and promoting good practice when responding to specific concerns.

Where abuse is suspected or alleged, then Safeguarding Adults and ChildrensProcedures can be used by organisations and services to make sure that a consistent and comprehensive response is provided.

As a Trust we work in partnership with the Southend, Essex and Thurrock (SET) Safeguarding boards for both Adults and Children and our polices are based upon those produced and managed by these Boards.

The processes we follow are SET guidance for Children and SETSAF guidance for adults.

Who is a Vulnerable Adult and what is Adult Abuse?

Some adults are less able to protect themselves than others, and some have difficulty making their wishes and feelings known. This may make them vulnerable to abuse; within the Safeguarding Adults policy a Vulnerable Adult is defined as per the Care Act 2014 as an individual who is over the age of 18 years who has needs for care and support who is experiencing, or is at risk of, abuse or neglect, and who as a result of those needs is unable to protect himself or herself against the abuse or neglect or the risk of it.

Abuse is defined as: 'a violation of an individual's human and civil rights by any other person or persons'

Abuse may take many forms physical, emotional, or sexual, it may be financial and involve people taking money without permission, or not looking after someone properly. It may include poor care practices, bullying or humiliating, or not allowing contact with friends and family.

Abuse can be a single act or may continue over a long period. It can be unintentional or deliberate, but will result in harm to the victim, either physically, emotionally, financial or in its effect on the person's wellbeing or development.

The definitions used here come from the Department of Health DOH Care Act 2014

Who is a Vulnerable Child and what is Child Abuse?

Within Safeguarding, a child is defined as anyone who has not yet reached their 18th birthday.

Abuse and neglect are forms of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse and neglect a child either directly by inflicting harm or indirectly by failing to act to prevent harm. Children and Young people may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting by those known to them or more rarely, by a stranger. They may be abused by an adult or adults or another child or children (NSPCC 2010).

As with safeguarding adults, abuse may take many forms, physical, emotional, sexual or neglect. This may be a single act or continue over a long time resulting in harm to the child or young person.

Safeguarding children - is the action we take to promote the welfare of children (& Young People) and protect them from harm.Child protection is a part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are suffering, or are likely to suffer, significant harm.

The definitions used come from the NPSCC and the Governmental document 'Working Together to Safeguard Children 2013' - this sets out how organisations and individuals should work together to safeguard and promote the welfare of children.